Journal of Madenat Alelem University College <p>Journal of Madenat Al-elem University College is refereed Bi-yearly scientific journal issued by Madenat Alelem University College, First volume was published in 2009, Research submitted in Arabic or in English language of the following topics:<br>- Biology<br>- Engineering<br>- Medical physics<br>- Physics<br>- Chemistry<br>- Mathematics<br>- Anesthesia<br>- Accounting<br>- Law<br>- Computer science</p> <p>The journal can also consider special issues for special events like conferences.</p> en-US [email protected] (Dr.Shaker M. Al-Jobori) [email protected] (Mustafa Isam) Tue, 19 Dec 2023 23:52:26 +0100 OJS 60 Detection and Recognition of COVID-19 CT Images <p>Most of the world's countries have seen the 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) spread quickly. The globe has been dealing with a global health crisis since 2019. To combat COVID-19, automated identification of lung infections is essential. It is known that the most recent coronavirus originated in the Chinese city of Wuhan. It is a novel coronavirus that poses a risk to humans and was identified for the first time in December 2019, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). The bi-branch feature fusion network topology suggested by this study is built on Transformer modules and Convolutional Neural Network modules. When using CT scans for COVID-19 classification, it performs well; the classification accuracy is 97%.</p> Adheed Sallomi, Hussein Al-Delfi Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Madenat Alelem University College Tue, 19 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0100 Numerical analysis of the flexural characteristics of the profiled steel sheeting dry board (PSSDB) floor system using Finite Element <p>The purpose of this paper is inspecting the flexural performance of Profiled Steel Sheeting Dry Board (PSSDB) floor system. A lightweight composite slab consists of a steel deck connected to a dry board using self-tapping and self-drilling screws. The study employed Finite Element (FE) modelling using ABAQUS software. The results were validated with experimental ones, and it has demonstrated the adequacy of the FE model to simulate the performance of the floor panel. Thereafter, three parametric studies were suggested in order to understand the influencing parameters. It is shown that the depth of the dry board can improve the load capacity by no more than 7.5%, while the thickness of steel deck has an enhance it by up to 65%. Finally, it was established that the type of profiled steel sheeting can affect the stiffness and load capacity by up 18%.</p> Marwan Al-Shaikhli, Fawzi Khalaf Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Madenat Alelem University College Tue, 19 Dec 2023 23:35:09 +0100 Review Article: Amygdalin as Anti-Cancer Agent <p>Amygdalin (d-Mandelonitrile 6-O-β-d-glucosido-β-d-glucoside) and its semi synthetic product is Laetrile ( also called vitamin B17): a natural cyanogenic glycoside occurring in the seeds of some edible plants, such as bitter almonds and peaches. Early in the 19th century, Amygdalin was first isolated in 1830 by two French chemists, Robiquet and Boutron-Charlard, as active components in various fruit pits and raw nuts. However, the systematized study of vitamin B17 started when chemist Bohn (1802) discovered that a hydrocyanic acid is released during distillation of the water from bitter almonds. The various pharmacological effects of Laetrile include anti-atherogenic, activity in renal fibrosis, pulmonary fibrosis, immune regulation, anti-tumor, and anti-inflammatory activities. Despite numerous contributions to the cancer cell lines, the clinical evidence for the anti-cancer activity of Amygdalin is not fully confirmed. Moreover, high dose exposures to Amygdalin can produced cyanide toxicity. In the presented work, pharmacological activity, antitumor activity, and toxicity of Amygdalin have been summarized, focusing primarily on advanced research on Amygdalin and its anti-tumor effects, providing fresh perspectives for the creation of new anti-cancer drugs, the examination of natural antitumor mechanisms, and the search for new targets.</p> Jameelah Al‐Isawi, Kawther abdulhameed, Eiman Abass Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Madenat Alelem University College Tue, 19 Dec 2023 23:50:03 +0100 Designing a smart learning environment based on (synchronous and asynchronous) e-learning and its impact on students’ acquisition of computer application skills <p>The current research aims to design a smart learning environment based on the two types of e-learning (synchronous and asynchronous) and reveal its impact on students' acquisition of computer application skills by verifying two hypotheses.</p> <p>The first states that (there is a statistically significant difference at the level of significance (0.05) between the average scores of the students of the first experimental group who study according to a smart learning environment based on synchronous electronic learning and the control group students who study according to a smart learning environment based on asynchronous e-learning in the theoretical computer applications test)</p> <p>The second states that (there is a statistically significant difference at the level of significance (0.05) between the average scores of the students of the first experimental group who study according to a smart learning environment based on synchronous e-learning and the students of the control group who study according to a smart learning environment based on asynchronous e-learning in the practical computer applications test)</p> <p>The research community has been chosen by the law department students at the University of Science. A semi-experimental design was employed with the experimental and control groups, and randomly, group (A) was chosen to be the first experimental group and group (B) to be the second experimental group, with (20) students for each group.&nbsp;&nbsp; A smart learning environment based on synchronous and asynchronous e-learning, preparing the necessary requirements, such as establishing an educational platform and providing various digital learning resources and teaching plans. A test was built to measure theoretical achievement, and a note card to measure practical achievement.</p> <p>The study experiment lasted twelve weeks and was conducted during the first semester of the academic year 2021–2022. After teaching the whole curriculum, the two groups completed an in-person theoretical and practical accomplishment exam. Students in the first experimental group did better on the theoretical and practical accomplishment exam than students in the second experimental group, according to statistical data analysis using the t-test for two independent samples.&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Smart learning environment design, synchronous e-learning, asynchronous e-learning, computer applications.</p> Osama gazi, Etmad fayyadh, Ghada mohammed Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Madenat Alelem University College Tue, 19 Dec 2023 23:51:45 +0100 Characterization of CD Marker Expression in Acute Myeloid Leukemia <p>Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) is a heterogeneous hematological malignancy characterized by diverse subtypes and variable CD marker expressions. This study aimed to analyze the gender distribution, disease activity subtypes, and prevalence of CD markers in AML patients across different stages. A total of 160 participants were categorized into Control, Newly Diagnosed, Treated, and Relapsed groups. Blood samples were analyzed using flow cytometry for CD markers. Our findings revealed that the M2 subtype was the most prevalent among the Newly Diagnosed group. CD33 and CD13 were the most expressed markers across all stages. Notably, CD79A, CD10, and CD3 were absent in all AML subtypes. The study underscores the significance of CD markers in AML diagnosis, prognosis, and therapeutic targeting, emphasizing the disease's complexity and the need for personalized treatment approaches.</p> Aisha Hikmat, Shahlaa Salih, Yasir Issa Copyright (c) Tue, 19 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0100 Electrocardiogram biometric system: Analytical Review <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong>Biometric features have recently been used for security, which has led to their widespread use. However, they can be threatened, faked, lost, or hacked. Recently, the ECG has been employed as a biometric tool, and it may be better suited because it contains precise, private, and secret information about the patient. The person's identity was safeguarded and protected, and the ECG was utilized to identify him and prevent information violations. ECG identification has a lot of benefits and high accuracy, but it can also be affected by interference and noise in the ECG signals. This paper presents a few typical electrocardiogram measurement techniques and provides a comprehensive overview of electrocardiograms.</p> Tiba Khazaal, Thekra Abbas Copyright (c) Tue, 19 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0100 A proposed design model for blended education depending on the E-learning evaluation model compared to regular education in universities, based on the viewpoint of the beneficiaries <p>The aim of the current research is to design a model to evaluate e-learning compared to formal education in Iraqi universities from the beneficiaries' point of view, identify the advantages and disadvantages of e-learning, and propose a design for blended learning based on the results of this study.</p> <p>By verifying the hypothesis, the research sample of Iraqi university students' attitudes about e-learning was surveyed, and the factor analysis of the correlation coefficients between the questionnaire questions revealed one general component and many collective factors regarding the benefits and drawbacks of e-learning. The research sample consisted of (100) teachers and (200) students from five Iraqi universities.</p> <p>A questionnaire consisting of (30) items was used to identify the opinions of the research sample regarding e-learning and traditional education. The data was analyzed using the rotation of factors using the Varimax Method.</p> <p>The results showed eight dimensions around which the negatives and positives of electronic and traditional education revolve.</p> <p>Based on the results, the researchers proposed a new model for blended learning that can be used in Iraqi universities according to their available capabilities.</p> Osama gazi Copyright (c) Tue, 19 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0100 تطوير النظام المحاسبي الموحد في المنشات المالية (المصارف العراقية ( <p>تعد المصارف من الاعمدة المهمة لاقتصاد البلد، فنشاط البنوك يعدّ من الاهمية لما له من الاثر في استمرار الانشطة الاقتصادية بالنظر لما تقدمه من خدمات مصرفية تسهم في تقوية الاستثمارات . &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p>تتحدد المشكلة&nbsp; في تطوير النظام المحاسبي المصرفي &nbsp;وتقديم بعض المقترحات ومعرفة مواطن القوة لتقويتها والضعف لمعالجته&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p>من خلال الخدمات المالية والمصرفية المقدمة للزبائن للمحافظة على مكانتها وتعزيز المنافسة الاقتصادية مما ينعكس على الحركة الاقتصادية للبلد.</p> <p>اعتماد الاجراءات الحديثة للتطور الذي حدث بالاعمال المصرفية بما يتلائم مع حاجة الاسواق ومن ثم تعزيز المنافسة الاقتصادية ومواكبة التطورات في العمل المصرفي بتطوير النظام المحاسبي الموحد في المنشات المالية (المصارف العراقية ) باستخدام بعض الحسابات المقترحة .&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> رجاء عبد الستار, خضير ذياب Copyright (c) Tue, 19 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0100 الإبلاغ عن معلومات إداء الخدمات في الوحدات الحكومية وفقRPG3) ) (IPSAS) وتأثيره في تحقيق الشفافية <p>استهدف البحث الى تعريف الابلاغ عن معلومات اداء الخدمات في الوحدات الحكومية وفق إرشادات الممارسة الموصي بها رقم 3 الصادرة من قبل مجلس معايير المحاسبة الدولية (RPG3) IPSAS وتأثيره على تحقيق الشفافية &nbsp;، إذ بني البحث على الفرضيات الآتية:</p> <ul> <li>توجد علاقة ارتباط معنوية ذات دلالة احصائية بين الابلاغ عن معلومات أداء الخدمات وتحقيق الشفافية .</li> <li>يوجد تأثير معنوي ذات دلالة احصائية للإبلاغ عن معلومات اداء الخدمات في تحقيق الشفافية .</li> </ul> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; وفي سبيل تحقيق اهداف البحث اعتمدت الباحثون دراسة تحليلية استهدفت (150) فرد من العاملين في وزارة العمل والشؤون الاجتماعية والاقسام ذات العلاقة من خلال تصميم ، استمارة استبانة مكونه من (محورين) وزعت عليهم اسئلتهم التي تبلغ خمسون سؤالاً. وتمت معالجة المعطيات استبانة باستخدام البرنامج الاحصائي (SPSS) والتي تمثلت بالآتي: الوسط الحسابي، الانحراف المعياري، معامل الاختلاف، الاهمية النسبية، إذ تم التوصل الى مجموعة من الاستنتاجات كان أهمها :</p> <ul> <li>هنالك علاقة ذو دلالة احصائية وتأثير معنوين بين الابلاغ عن معلومات اداء الخدمات وفق ارشادات الممارسة الموصى بها رقم 3 وتحقيق الشفافية .</li> <li>يساهم الابلاغ عن معلومات اداء الخدمات في تحقيق الشفافية في الوحدات الحكومية مما يعزز استخدام الموارد المتاحة (فاعلية، الكفاءة ، المدخلات ، المخرجات ، النتائج ) .</li> <li>عدم المام اغلب الوحدات الحكومية بمعايير المحاسبة الدولية في القطاع العام وفق ارشادات الممارسة الموصى بها رقم 3 الصادرة من قبل مجلس معايير المحاسبة الدولية بسبب عدم تطبيقه في الوحدات الحكومية ولحد الان .</li> </ul> أمل عبد الرزاق, فيان ياسين, ندى جاسم Copyright (c) Tue, 19 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0100 المعيار المحاسبي الدولي(IFRS9) وعقبات تطبيقه في القطاع المصرفي العراقي <p>سعى البحث الى اكتشاف درجة تطبيق احد المعايير الدولية الالزامية التطبيق في القطاع المصرفي العراقي وكان التساؤل الرئيسي للبحث الى اي مدى استطاعت المصارف العراقية التجارية الخاصة من تلبية متطلبات تطبيق معيار IFRS9؟</p> <p>ولتحقق هدف البحث والاجابة على تساؤله فانه افترض ان القطاع المصرفي العراقي يعاني من صعوبة في تطبيق المعايير الدولية ومنها معيار IFRS9 ، وتوصل البحث وعن طريق استخدام المنهج الوصفي الى ان مصرف الشرق الاوسط للتنمية والاستثمار اهتم بالأعتراف بفروقات تقيم الموجودات المالية (حقوق الملكية) المقاسة بالقيمة العادلة ضمن الارباح والخسائر او حسب اختيار الوحدة الاقتصادية اظهار تلك الفروقات ضمن الدخل الشامل وذلك كون هذه الفروقات تأثر بشكل اساسي على القوائم المالية وعلى حقوق الملكية بشكل خاص التي تعتبر من اهم احتياجات مستخدمي المعلومات.</p> هند علي, صدام عكض, حسن Copyright (c) Tue, 19 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0100